Term Glossary


Glossary

♠   Adhesive
A substance capable of holding materials together by surface attachment. It is a general term and includes cements, and glue.

 

♠   Stringer
A timber or other support for cross members in decks. In stairs, the support on which the stair treads rest.

♠   Cold Setting Adhesive
An adhesive that requires temperatures at or below 68°F (20°C) to set.

 

♠   Nominal Size
As applied to timber or lumber, the size by which it is known and sold in the market (often differs from the actual size).

♠   Hot Setting Adhesive
An adhesive that requires temperatures at or above 212°F (100°C) to set.

 

♠   Cure
To change the properties of an adhesive by chemical reaction and thereby develop maximum strength.

♠   Cold Pressing
A bonding process in which an assembly is subjected to pressure without heat.

 

♠   Breaking Radius
The curvature to which wood or plywood can be bent without breaking.

♠   Catalyst
A substance that initiates or changes the rate of chemical reaction but is not consumed or changed by the reaction.

 

♠   Crossband
A layer of veneer whose grain direction is at right angles to that of the face plies to reduce shrinking and increase strength.

♠   Masonite
A hardboard formed by blasting wooden chips into long fibers with steam and then forming them into boards. Which are then pressed and heated. No glue or other material is added.

 

♠   Countersink
A conical hole cut or drilled into an object to allow the head of a bolt or screw to sit flush with or below the surface of the surrounding material.

♠   Delamination
The separation of layers in laminated wood or plywood because of failure of the adhesive.

 

♠   Grain
The direction, size, appearance, or quality of the fibers in wood or lumber.

♠   Framing
Lumber used for the structural member of a building, such as studs and joists.

 

♠   Kerf
The thickness of the saw blade that is removed from the wood once cut.

♠   Hardwoods
Generally one of the botanical groups of trees that have pores and broad leaves. The term has no reference to the actual hardness of the wood.

 

♠   Layup
The process of loosely assembling the adhesive coated components, particularly a deck, to be pressed or clamped.

♠   Laminate
A product made by bonding together two or more layers (laminations) of material or materials.

 

♠   Moisture Content
The amount of water contained in the wood, usually expressed as a percentage of the weight of the ovendry wood.

♠   Rip
To cut lengthwise, parallel to the grain.

 

♠   Green
Freshly sawed or undried wood.

♠   Softwoods
Generally, one of the botanical groups of trees that have no pores and in most cases, have needlelike or scalelike leaves. The term has no reference to the actual hardness of the wood.

 

♠   Stud
One of a series of slender wood structural members used as supporting elements in walls, transitions, flats, etc...

♠   Warp
Any variation from a true or plane surface. Warp includes bow, crook, cup, and twist, or any combination thereof.

 

♠   Plywood
A glued wood panel made up of relatively thin layers of veneer with the grain of adjacent layers at right angles.

♠   Veneer
A thin layer or sheet of wood.

 

♠   Transition
The radius or curve of a skateboard ramp.

♠   Skateboard molds
A mold made from many different materials used to give the glued venner it's shape.

 

♠   Square
To test with measuring devices for deviation from a right angle, straight line, or plane surface.

♠   Level
Being in a plane parallel to the plane of the horizon; horizontal.

 

♠   Compass
A technical drawing instrument that can be used for inscribing circles or arcs.


How To Make Ramps  •   How To Make Skateboards

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